Racism is behavior or beliefs motivated by racial stereotypes, it generally includes practices of racial discrimination, and ideologies of racial supremacy andhierarchy. Some sources emphasize that racism involves the belief that different racial groups are characterized by intrinsic characteristics or abilities and that some such groups are therefore naturally superior to others or follow practices that discriminate against members of particular racial groups for example by perpetuating unequal access to resources between groups.
The definition of racism is controversial both because there is little scholarly agreement about what the word “race” means, and because there is also little agreement about what does and doesn’t constitute discrimination. Some definitions would have it that any assumption that a person’s behavior would be influenced by their racial categorization is racist, regardless of how seemingly benign such assumptions might be. Other definitions would only include conscious malignant forms of discrimination.Among the questions about how to define racism are the question of whether to include forms of discrimination that are unintentional, such as making assumptions about preferences or abilities of others based on racial stereotypes, whether to include institutionalized forms of discrimination such as the circulation of racial stereotypes through the media and whether to include the socio-political dynamics of social stratification that sometimes have a racial component.
“Racism” and “racial discrimination” are often used to describe discrimination on an ethnic or cultural basis, independent of whether these differences are described as racial. According to the United Nations conventions, there is no distinction between the terms racial discrimination and ethnicity discrimination.
In politics, racism is commonly located on the far right due to the far right’s common association with nativism, racism, and xenophobia.In history, racism has been a major part of the political and ideological underpinning of genocides such as the holocaust, but also in colonial contexts such as the rubber booms in South America and the Congo, and in the European conquest of the Americas and colonization of Africa, Asia and Australia. It was also a driving force behind the transatlantic slave trade, and behind states based on racial segregation such as the USA in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and South Africa under apartheid.Practices and ideologies of racism are universally condemned by the United Nationsin the Declaration of Human Rights.
The UN does not define “racism”; however, it does define “racial discrimination”: According to the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,
the term “racial discrimination” shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction, or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin that has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.
This definition does not make any difference between discrimination based on ethnicity and race, in part because the distinction between the two remains debatable among anthropologists. Similarly, in British law the phrase racial group means “any group of people who are defined by reference to their race, colour, nationality (including citizenship) or ethnic or national origin”.
LATEST ISSUE : John Terry Racism Trial
Terry, 31, is accused of calling Ferdinand a “f—— black c—” during a Premier League match on October 23 last year. He says he was sarcastically repeating the words that QPR centre-half Ferdinand mistakenly thought he had used. Terry is accused of a racially aggravated public order offence, which he denies.
Today he told Westminster Magistrates Court that as the pair traded insults, he heard Ferdinand say: “calling me a black c—“. Terry said today he was “very angry and upset” when he thought Anton Ferdinand had accused him of racism. On Friday, 13th July 2012, football is on trial claims players’ chief after Chelsea’s Terry is cleared of racism charge.
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
UNESCO marks March 21 as the yearly International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, in memory of the events that occurred on March 21, 1960 in Sharpeville, South Africa, where police killed student demonstrators peacefully protesting against the apartheid regime.
Carol Camper, “To White Feminists” Canadian Woman Studies, 1994
“Your racism is showing when you insist upon defining our reality. You do not live inside our skin, so do not tell us how we should perceive this world. We exist and so does our reality.”
“Your racism is showing when our anger makes you panic. Even when we are not angry at you or your racism, but some simple, ordinary thing. When our expressed anger translates to you as a threat of violence, this is your unacknowledged fear of retribution or exposure and it is revealing your guilt.”
CONCLUSION The point isn’t that we should make a choice between talking about racism. Our beliefs, actions, movements, and policies adopted or developed to oppose racism. In general, it promotes an egalitarian society in which people are not discriminated against in race. Racism is never going to stop, but we can reduce it by influencing others to stop. You don’t have to accept any form of racist hassle. Everyone, no matter what their nationality or race, has a right to live happily and free from discrimination.
If the problem is in your school, you should approach a member of staff that deals with this type of incident or if you are not sure who to go to – talk to a member of staff who you can trust and tell him/her about what has been going on. You should also tell family and friends about this so that you can also get their help and support. Other parts of your life will suffer if you keep silent. Speak up now before the problem takes over.
Be prepared to speak out and tell people just how it’s affecting your life and your well-being. If you are going to alert someone to the fact that you’re being threatened, abused or bullied, then do it properly.
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